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    山东采沙船的结构原理和遵循的原则是什么?
    采沙船顾名思义是在采沙过程中我们使用的工具,我们所采的沙是自然界中裸露的岩石,经阳光、风雨、霜冻等自然和人为因素的共同作用分化成细小微粒,在使用采沙船时我们也来了解一下采沙船的结构原理和应遵循的原则是什么。
    首先来说一下采沙船结构原理:
    1 、挖掘系统:由挖斗链、主驱动、斗架等组成,主要用于完成表土和矿砂的采挖作业。   
    2 、选矿设备:由圆筒筛、选金组合螺旋溜槽、粗选设备和精选设备组成,用于完成矿砂的洗矿、碎散、    筛分、粗选和精选作业。   
    3 、尾矿排弃系统:由胶带输送机、砂泵等组成,用于输送排弃砾石和尾矿。   
    4 、供水及中矿输送系统:由水泵、砂泵、水管、砂泵管管系等组成,用于供水和中矿矿浆输送。
    5 、绞车系统:由斗架提升绞车、首绳绞车、提锚绞车、横移绞车和登岸桥绞车等组成,用于进船、调船  、系船、船的横移及斗架、桩柱、登岸桥的升降等。
    6 、起重设备:由船首起重机、主驱动间起重机和其他起重设备所组成,用于完成各种起重工作。   
    7 、船体及船体设施:由平底船和各种船体设施所组成,用于安装采金船的各种设备和结构,使采金船能    平稳地飘浮于水上作业。

    8 、上部钢结构及房屋 : 由主桁架、前桅架、后桅架、操纵室、办公室、厂房、楼梯走台和登岸桥等组成,用于支撑和布置各种设施和设备,保证采金船在作业时操作方便,安全可靠。  

    其次是应遵循的原则是什么:
     1、充分利用地面水,合理开发地下水,做到地下水和地面水统筹安排;
     2、应根据各含水层的补水能力,确定各层水井数目和开采量,做到分层取水,浅、中、深结合,合理布局;
     3、必须与旱涝碱咸的治理结合,统一规划,做到既保障灌溉,又降低地下水位、防碱防渍;既开采了地下水,又腾空了地下库容;使汛期能存蓄降雨和地面径流,并为治涝治碱创造条件。

    这些就是小编今天想跟大家分享的内容,自然资源砂石虽然前景十分广阔,但也要合理开采,了解采沙船使用的情况外,我们更注意我们的环境。

    The mining boat as the name implies is the tool we use in the process of sand mining, the sands we gather are the bare rocks in nature, and the common effects of natural and man-made factors such as sunlight, wind and rain, frost, and differentiation into tiny particles, we also come to understand the structure principle of the sand mining and what the principles should be followed.
    First, the construction principle of the sand mining is:
    1, mining system: by the bucket chain, main drive, bucket rack and so on, mainly used to complete the topsoil and ore excavation operations.
    2, beneficiation equipment: The cylinder sieve, the selection of gold combination spiral chute, coarse selection equipment and selection of equipment, for the completion of ore washing, crushing, screening, coarse selection and selection of homework.
    3, tailings dump system: by belt conveyor, sand pump and so on, for conveying the dumping of gravel and tailings.
    4, water supply and medium-ore conveying system: by pumps, sand pumps, pipes, sand pump pipe and other components, for water supply and ore pulp conveying.
    5, winch System: Lifting winch, first rope winch, lifting anchor winch, transverse winch and landing bridge winch, etc., used to enter the ship, the ship, the ship, the ship's transverse movement and bucket rack, pile column, landing bridge and so on.
    6, Lifting equipment: The bow crane, the main driving crane and other lifting equipment, to complete a variety of lifting work.
    7, Hull and hull facilities: by the flat-bottomed ship and various hull facilities, used to install the Gold Ship's various equipment and structure, so that the gold ship can float smoothly on the water.
    8, Upper steel structure and housing: by the main truss, front mast, rear mast, control room, office, plant, staircase and landing bridges, etc., to support and decorate a variety of facilities and equipment, to ensure that the gold ship in the operation of convenient, safe and reliable.
    The second is what principles should be followed:
    1, make full use of surface water, reasonably develop groundwater, to achieve the integrated arrangement of groundwater and surface water;
    2. According to the water recharge capacity of each aquifer, the number of wells and the amount of mining should be determined, and the layering of water, shallow, medium and deep, reasonable layout;
    3, must combine with the drought and waterlogging alkali salty management, unify plan, do not only protect the irrigation, but also reduce the underground water level, prevent the alkali stain; both mined groundwater and vacated underground storage capacity, and the flood season can store rainfall and ground runoff, and create conditions for the treatment of waterlogging Zhi.
     These are small series today want to share with you the content, Natural resources sandstone Although the prospects are very broad, but also to reasonable mining, to understand the use of sand mining situation, we pay more attention to our environment.

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